The Bay of Kotor and its ancient cities
The Bay of Kotor, on the west coast of Montenegro, is the largest fjord in the Mediterranean Sea. The series of coves of the southern Dalmatian coast are connected from the Adriatic Sea into the hinterland like fjords, creating a beautiful landscape and one of the most incredible places in Montenegro.
The bay, surrounded by impressive cliffs and dotted with medieval cities – classified among the most beautiful wonders of UNESCO – despite its growing popularity, remains an area of unspoiled nature, including a great architectural and natural heritage. This holiday resort lacks nothing, from the island’s monasteries and spectacular citadels, from adventure sports and boat tours, to restaurants where is cooked a freshly caught fish.
Between land and sea, with its lush green, the mountain range, its play of shadows and light at sunset, the Bay of Kotor holds a true historical and natural heritage and its city, Kotor, from which the bay takes name is a great example.
Bay of Kotor: Kotor and Perast
The fascinating history of the Bay of Kotor can be understood by observing the architecture that is the result of centuries of domination by different cultures including Roman, Venetian and Yugoslavian ones.
The cities of Kotor and Perast – with thier ancient and picturesque settlements – are perfect for visiting the Bay of Kotor.
The small Montenegrin city of Kotor, a UNESCO heritage site, located at the base of Mount Lovćen and protected by stone walls built by the Venetians, is one of the gems of the Balkans.
Walking through the streets of the center it is easy to get lost among its wonders among the small bars, the evening clubs and the wonderful churches. Its history is told by the Cathedral of San Trifone (1166), the Church of San Luca (12th century), the Prince’s Palace (17th century) and the Napoleon Theater (19th century).
There is no shortage of museums, which are among some of the best in Europe such as the Maritime Museum which celebrates the city’s nautical history or the Palace of Living History, an interactive open-air museum.
For the more adventurous or those who love long walks, a hiking trail – called the “Kotor ladder” – zigzags up the mountains, it was once the only route that connected the city with the ancient royal capital of Cetinje.
Where to stay: Eco-cottage in Kotor, 1 km from Kotor, with a perfect location, facing the sea and to reach all the main tourist attractions of the area.
The city of Perast, pearl of the Mediterranean, is located right in the center of the Gulf. Over the centuries it was part of the city of Venice (1420-1797), experiencing a notable economic and architectural development – including the construction of 4 shipyards and architecture including sixteen Catholic and two Orthodox churches – but also political and military.
The two islands located in front of the city – which are its main attraction – bear the name of the churches that were built there: San Giorgio and Madonna dello Scalpello. The latter is an artificial island built by man and according to legend, on the rock on which it was built, an image of a Madonna and child was found, a discovery that was the reason for the construction of the current church.
In the town – where traffic is limited – there is only one main road that runs along the sea, where there are cafes and restaurants. Walking along the street you can admire the Baroque architecture, the 19 churches and 16 buildings, including the Bujovic palace, which houses the city museum, bringing to light the evidence of its history.
Where to stay: Vila Perast Boutique Hotel & Bistrot, 12 km from Kotor, 19.7 km from Tivat airport, 58.7 km from Dubrovnik airport and 98.7 km from Podgorica airport.